By Saul McLeodupdated Purpose of the Study Zimbardo and his colleagues were interested in finding out whether the brutality reported among guards in American prisons was due to the sadistic personalities of the guards i. For example, prisoner and guards may have personalities which make conflict inevitable, with prisoners lacking respect for law and order and guards being domineering and aggressive. Alternatively, prisoners and guards may behave in a hostile manner due to the rigid power structure of the social environment in prisons.
We wanted to see what the psychological effects were of becoming a prisoner or prison guard. To do this, we decided to set up a simulated prison and then carefully note the effects of this institution on the behavior of all those within its walls. The team selected the 24 applicants whose test results predicted they would be the most psychologically stable and healthy.
The prison had two fabricated walls, one at the entrance, and one at the cell wall to block observation.
They were given rest and relaxation areas, and other comforts. Twelve of the 24 participants were assigned the role of prisoner 9 plus 3 potential substituteswhile the other 12 were assigned the role of guard also 9 plus 3 potential substitutes.
Zimbardo took on the role of the superintendent, and an undergraduate research assistant the role of the warden. Zimbardo designed the experiment in order to induce disorientationdepersonalizationand deindividuation in the participants.
The researchers held an orientation session for guards the day before the experiment, during which guards were instructed not to harm the prisoners physically or withhold food or drink. In the footage of the study, Zimbardo can be seen talking to the guards: In general what all this leads to is a sense of powerlessness.
Prisoners wore uncomfortable, ill-fitting smocks and stocking caps, as well as a chain around one ankle. Guards were instructed to call prisoners by their assigned numbers, sewn on their uniforms, instead of by name.
The prisoners were "arrested" at their homes and "charged" with armed robbery. The local Palo Alto police department assisted Zimbardo with the arrests and conducted full booking procedures on the prisoners, which included fingerprinting and taking mug shots.
The prisoners were transported to the mock prison from the police station, where they were strip searched and given their new identities. The small mock prison cells were set up to hold three prisoners each.
There was a small corridor for the prison yard, a closet for solitary confinement, and a bigger room across from the prisoners for the guards and warden. The prisoners were to stay in their cells and the yard all day and night until the end of the study. The guards worked in teams of three for eight-hour shifts.
The guards were not required to stay on site after their shift. Guards had differing responses to their new roles. Dave Eshelmandescribed by Stanford Magazine as "the most abusive guard" felt his aggressive behavior was helping experimenters to get what they wanted.
John Mark, who had joined the experiment hoping to be selected as a prisoner, instead recalls "At that time of my life, I was getting high, all day every day I brought joints with me, and every day I wanted to give them to the prisoners.
I looked at their faces and saw how they were getting dispirited and I felt sorry for them.Research Ethics The Stanford Prison Experiment The Stanford Prison Experiment (SPE) was conducted in at Stanford University in the basement of the psychology building.
Philip Zimbardo as lead researcher headed the research team to study the impact of situational variables on human behaviour. Due Friday: 1. One page summary of where you are in your research with at least one source cited - 10 points (assessment grade) 2.
Questions/notes on 2 ethics videos: Nazi experiments and Stanford Prison experiment and the Milgram reading - 5 text citations/specific details from each - 30 points (homework grade).
The Stanford Prison Experiment Summary is a famous psychology experiment that was designed to study the psychological impact of becoming a prison guard or prisoner.
The experiment was conducted by Professor of Psychology, Philip Zimbardo, at Stanford University in The Stanford Prison Experiment was a social psychology experiment that attempted to investigate the psychological effects of perceived power, focusing . The Stanford Prison Experiment.
By Saul McLeod, updated Purpose of the Study. that I was thinking like a prison superintendent rather than a research psychologist.“ (US) or ethics committee (UK) before they are implemented. The Stanford Prison Experiment Summary is a famous psychology experiment that was designed to study the psychological impact of becoming a prison guard or prisoner.
The experiment was conducted by Professor of Psychology, Philip Zimbardo, at Stanford University in